Private Frederick A. Weiss (1892 – 1916)
AWM Collection, P11665.002

Frederick Alfred WEISS

Regimental Number
2932 and 3578A
War Service
Egypt and Western Front
Prior Military Service
25 Jul 1915 at Liverpool, NSW
06 Sep 1915 from Sydney, NSW, on the HMAT A70 Ballarat
Next of Kin
Father – Mr Walter H. Weiss, Erina, via Gosford, New South Wales
Date & Place of Birth
16 Oct 1892, Anna Bay, NSW
Amy Selina (nee BLANCH) and Walter Herbert WEISS
Marital Status
3 sisters, 5 brothers - including 2 who also served and died at war: <br> <ul><li>WW I A/g Bombardier Erle V. WEISS <li>WW II Pte Harry B. WEISS</ul>
School teacher
Physical Description
5 feet 4 inches, 133 pounds (162.6cm, 60.3kg)
Eyes brown, Hair brown, Complexion fair
Killed in Action, 19 Jul 1916, Fromelles, France - aged 23
Place of Burial
No known grave
V.C. Corner, (Panel 9), Australian Cemetery and Memorial, Fromelles, France
Positively Identified

Frederick Alfred WEISS - missing at Fromelles

Yrs sincerely, Fred – Studio portrait of Pte Frederick Weiss.
source Photo courtesy of Walter Weiss and Wendy Dicker

Frederick Alfred WEISS was born in 1892 at Anna Bay near Port Stephens to Walter Herbert Weiss, schoolteacher, and Amy Selina, nee Blanch. Amy’s Blanch family were pioneers of the Port Stephens district. Frederick was the second child but eldest son of a family of nine.

After finishing school at Glendon Brook Public School, Fred tried farming but then followed his father and grandfather into the teaching profession. At the time of his enlistment in July 1915, he was a 22-year-old assistant teacher at the West Wyalong Public School and studying at the Hereford House Training College for Teachers.

Fred was initially assigned to the 13th Battalion (service no 2932). After completing preliminary training, he embarked from Sydney on 6 September 1915 with the battalion on HMAT A70 Ballarat. His journey was however cut short just three days later as he came down with measles and was disembarked and hospitalised in Melbourne. He was struck off the roll and, on recovering his health, re-assigned a new service number 3578 - which was later changed to 3578A. On 13 October 1915, Fred finally embarked for Egypt with the 4th Battalion on board HMAT A17 Port Lincoln.

One of the Red Cross reports based on evidence from fellow soldiers - in this case, Pte William McCluskey, also of the 4th then 53rd Battalions.
source AWM: Australian Red Cross Wounded and Missing Files, Frederick Alfred WEISS, page 3

Arriving in Egypt, the battalion continued training and, as part of the doubling of Australian forces post-Gallipoli, Fred was transferred to the 53rd Battalion. In June 1916, they embarked for France and on 19 July, the battalion became engaged in what became known as the Battle of Fromelles after which Fred was posted as missing. More than a year later, on 2 September 1917, he was declared killed in action on 19 July 1916. Although not on the German Death List, he was likely to be one of those buried by them as he died in the German lines.

The Weiss family back home

Missing for months, Fred’s family would have been grief stricken only to be told more than a year later that he had been killed in action. And his bombardier brother, Erle, was in the frontline at the same time. What a dreadful time for them all. The newspaper excerpt (at right) hints at the anguish the family suffered. Poignantly, it also refers to a letter to friends living in Barmedman where Fred had been teaching prior to his West Wyalong posting; the letter was written on the day that he died.

In total, there were seven siblings back home – three sisters (Grace, Amy and Lorna) and four brothers (Hector, Walter and the twins born in 1910, Howard and Harry). Hector had tried to enlist as his elder brothers had done but was rejected on physical fitness grounds.

The Weiss boys who went to war

Of the Five brothers, three of the Weiss boys did not return home.

3587A Frederick Alfred WEISS born 16 October 1892

Private Frederick Alfred Weiss 3578A (1892-1916)
53rd Battalion - killed in action 19 July 1916 at Fromelles, France. No known grave. Aged 23.
source AWM collections – P11665.002

11147 ERLE VICTOR WEISS born 8 Nov 1894

A/g Bombadier Erle Victor Weiss 11147 (1894-1918)
1st Field Artillery Brigade - killed in action 9 August 1918 at Bayon-villers, Somme, France. Aged 23.
source AWM collections – P11665.001

Erle Victor Weiss, two years younger than Fred, enlisted a month after Fred in August 1915. He had been working as a draper’s assistant in Singleton. Assigned to the 1st Field Artillery Brigade, Erle was promoted from gunner to acting bombardier and served nearly 3 years, mostly on the Western Front.

On several occasions, Erle was reported as unwell including being severely gassed in November 1917. He was returned to England for treatment and then was back in France in May 1918. He was killed in action on 8 August 1918, just three months shy of his 24th birthday – almost the identical age that Fred was killed. Initially, Erle was buried in the Bayonvillers German cemetery in France but was later exhumed and buried at the Heath Cemetery at Harbonnieres in France. More on Erle’s individual story can be found at https://cassmobfamilyhistory.com/2013/11/11/remembrance-day-2013-erle-victor-weiss/

In a letter dated 12 November 1918 (the day after the signing of the armistice to officially end the war), Erle’s father, Walter, wrote to authorities querying the return of Erle’s personal effects:

“….my wife and I are very anxious to receive them. We have lost our two sons on active service, and peace brings with it no hope for the return of our dear ones, our eldest boy was posted ‘missing’ for 12 months, and we long for something personal from our second son’s effects.”

NAA: B2455, WEISS, Erle Victor – First AIF Personnel Dossiers 1914-1920, page 55<

Eventually, after many letters from Walter, Erle’s personal effects – one parcel containing 2 photos, 1 card, 1 belt, 1 pocketbook, 1 wallet (damaged), and 1 scarf - were returned to his parents. It is believed that nothing of Fred’s was ever recovered.

NX36483 HARRY BLANCH WEISS born 1 April 1910

Private Harry Blanch Weiss NX36483 [1910-1943]
2/30th Battalion – prisoner of war, died of illness on 30 September 1943 on Burma-Thai railway. Aged 33.
source AWM collections – P11665.003

Harry, one of the young twins who were the last-born of the Weiss children, was a bank teller with the Commercial Banking Co. prior to enlistment during World War II. He fought in Malaya and was taken prisoner during the fall of Singapore in February 1942. After seventeen months as a prisoner of war in Singapore, Burma and Thailand, Harry died of illness in September 1943 on the infamous Burma-Thailand railway. He is buried at the Thanbyuzayat War Cemetery in Burma.

Thirty-three when he died, Harry left the wonderful legacy of a diary - truly treasured by family - that described his experiences as a prisoner. The diary was published by the local paper in serial form from November 1946 to March 1947. In an article introducing the serialised diary, the Singleton Argus describes the diary as:

“written in an old Wireless Operator's Log Book, firstly in ink, then in pencil, and later in a green home-made ink made from distilled hybiscus flowers.”

And it also points out that

“This diary is not one of horror, but an interesting account of the everyday happenings of an ordinary good Australian—his thoughts, his experiences, his hopes. It shows how men—the men of our town, and other towns like it—reacted in that strange environment, the initiative they used, the results they achieved.”

The Soldier Who Wrote The Diary (1946, November 25). Singleton Argus (NSW : 1880 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved July 11, 2020, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article82362904

It is well worth seeking out the articles on Trove for a glimpse of Harry’s daily life as a prisoner of the Japanese.

N413820 HECTOR VIVIAN WEISS born 25 September 1896

At age 19, Hector, then a grocer’s assistant, attempted to enlist in about 1915 but was rejected on physical grounds. He was however successful in enlisting during World War II signing up in the volunteer defence corps in May 1942, aged 45. He married in 1926, worked as a grocer and died in 1962 aged 65.

NX95505 HOWARD GLENDON WEISS born 01 April 1910

Twin to Harry who died in Burma, Howard (or Glen as sometimes known) also enlisted during World War II. He survived the war to marry and raise a family. He worked as a bank officer and bank manager and died in 2004, aged 94

Fred’s parents – Amy and Walter

Amy Selina nee Blanch 1873-1925, Fred’s mother, was a homemaker and mother to nine children and she is sweetly described in her obituary:

“Mrs. Weiss was one of those quiet Christian women whose light shone most brightly in the home circle, rather than in the wider activities of Church life, but one and all, whoever entered that home, bear unstinted testimony to the sweet and gracious influence exercised in all the family relationships. Her husband is one of the most active and acceptable local preachers in the Gosford circuit, and his many good works were made possible by the support and sympathy afforded him by his good wife. Mrs. Weiss was born at Anna Bay, Port Stephens, in 1873, being the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Alfred J. Blanch. It was there she met her future husband, who was in charge of the school….”

IN MEMORIAM (1925, August 22). The Methodist (Sydney, NSW : 1892 - 1954), p. 11. Retrieved July 13, 2020, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article155279521

In contrast, Fred’s father was very active in his local community. Walter Herbert Weiss 1869-1955 was a teacher and headmaster in Anna Bay, Glendon Brook, Erina and other country schools for over 50 years. Walter was also a lay preacher in the Methodist Church (including some time on Norfolk Island) and a keen tennis player into his 80s. He was also instrumental in the building of the Erina War Memorial being the president of the organizing committee.

Remembering Frederick Weiss

Official party at the opening of the Erina District War Memorial on Armistice Day 1923. President of the organizing committee, Walter H. Weiss is in the back row, far right
source AWM collections – P11665.004

The Erina District Memorial Honour Roll Tablet is inscribed with the names of ten local men who lost their lives in the Great War, including Frederick and Erle Weiss and also the message:

“Because they died, that others might not die, comfort your hearts. Mourn Them Not They Died Greatly."

The Erina District Memorial bears the names of both Fred and Erle Weisse who were killed in action. It was later relocated and is now incorporated into a redeveloped Terrigal Foreshore War Memorial. Fred is also commemorated on:

  • V. C. Corner (panel no. 9) Australian Memorial Cemetery
  • Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour (panel no. 158)
  • Methodist Church of Australasia Singleton Circuit First World War Roll of Honour
  • Gosford Cenotaph
  • NSW Public School Teachers Great War Honour Roll
  • NSW Public School Teachers Who Served Abroad, Great War Honour Roll
  • Hereford House Reunion Club, First World War Honour Roll
Left: Page 1
source NAA B2455, WEISS Frederick Alfred – First AIF Personnel Dossiers 1914-1920, page 36
Right: Page 2
source NAA B2455, WEISS Frederick Alfred – First AIF Personnel Dossiers 1914-1920, page 36

In addition to following up assiduously about his sons’ personal effects and working towards the local war memorial, Walter wrote to authorities in 1921 with additional details in the hope that Fred’s final burial place might be located.

The first letter provides the background and the second is evidence provided by Driver Frederick C. Vicary at Walter’s request. Fred Vicary (from Ariah Park, south of West Wyalong) and Fred Weiss were part of a group of 26 young men from the West Wyalong region who all enlisted together. Vicary’s evidence reads:

3578A Pte F. A. Weiss 53rd Battalion was found Missing after Fleurbaix stunt July the 19th 1916. I called at his Batt Headquarters and all the information I could get was Pte Dickson told me he saw him fall with a bullet wound in the head, this happened between the hop over and the German’s Support Trenches. After the stunt I made inquiries from any 53rd man I saw all in vain. My opinion is he was blown up by shell fire. Yrs truly, F C Weiss, Meadowbank, Ariah Park.

Fred Vicary returned to Australia and, on 18 June 1921, married Amy Weiss, one of Fred’s younger sisters.

Still looking for identification

Presumed buried at Pheasant Wood by the Germans, Fred is part of the Fromelles project to seek DNA from relatives to identify the soldiers exhumed from the mass grave. In 2014, DNA was collected from both male and female lines, while this increases his chance of being identified, an identification has yet to be made.

Seeking DNA Donors

Fromelles Association of Australia


The Fromelles Association welcomes all contact regarding this soldier.
(Contact: royce@fromelles.info or geoffrey@fromelles.info).
We also urge any family members to contact and register with the Australian Army
(Contact: army.uwc@defence.gov.au or phone 1800 019 090).


The Fromelles Association maintains this web site, purely by donations received.
If you are able, please contribute to the upkeep of this resource.
(Contact: bill@fromelles.info ).