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L/Sgt Max Arkell (1897-1918)
The Digger’s View by Juan Mahony

Max Kenneth Dick ARKELL

Regimental Number
341
Rank
Lance Sergeant
War Service
Egypt and Western Front
Prior Military Service
Naval reserves trainee (4 years); Commonwealth Defence Forces
Enlistment
12 Jul 1915 at Liverpool, NSW
Embarkation
09 Nov 1915 from Sydney, NSW, on the HMAT A72 Beltana
Next of Kin
Brother - William S. ARKELL, 13 Scott St, Newcastle, NSW,
Date & Place of Birth
1897, Rockdale, Sydney, NSW
Parents
Bedelia Marguerite (nee DICK) and Charles Henry ARKELL (both deceased)
Marital Status
Single
Siblings
3 brothers, 4 sisters (3 sisters died in infancy) Note – brother, Eric, enlisted with Max
Occupation
Junior Clerk
Physical Description
5 feet 6 inches, 126 pounds (167.6cm, 57.2kg)
Eyes grey, Hair fair, Complexion fair
Religion
Church of England
Fate
Wounded in Action, 17 July 1916, Fromelles, France, rejoined unit. Wounded in Action, 27 August 1918, France. Died of Wounds, 28 Aug 1918, France - aged 20
Place of Burial
Daours Communal Cemetery Extension, France. Plot VII, Row B, Grave 21
Positively Identified
No

William, Eric, Max, Douglas - the Arkell brothers of Newcastle – Surfers All

All four Arkell boys were brought up at 13 Scott St, Newcastle in New South Wales - a free standing two storey terrace house, almost on Newcastle Beach. This is a spectacular sandy cove surrounded by cliffs and the old Royal Newcastle Hospital sitting on the edge of the beach.

The Arkell family lived with their Irish-born maternal grandmother, Eliza Dick. Widowed in 1906, Eliza took on the care of the four boys and their sister, Gladys, after their mother, Bedelia, died in 1907. Their father, Charles Arkell, had died in 1901.

A series of drowning tragedies during the Christmas holiday period in 1907-1908 would very quickly lead to the formation of the region’s first ‘surf lifesaving’ club.
Source Chris Conrick, “The Northern District Surf Lifesaver” 1989

These young people would have lived on the beach, summer and winter, and all became involved in the surf club. The beach also had a huge children’s pool and sea baths at the north end. There were no surf boards back then; all lifesaving was done with swimming and rowing boats. Body surfing, swimming and boat races were all important parts of club life.

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The old Newcastle Surf Club, early 1900s – possibly including Arkell family members. The Newcastle Surf Club was founded in 1908, the first in the region.
source Newcastle Herald, 26 October 2013 - Mega Gallery: Pictures of our past

And then came the war – for Eric, just one year and 2 days

In 1915 the two middle boys, Eric (20) and Max (18), joined up in Liverpool on 18th July. They had consecutive regimental numbers (340 and 341, respectively) and both ended up in B Company, 30th Battalion. They sailed to Egypt in November, and finally on to France the month before Fromelles. On 20th July 1916, Eric was reported missing, later killed in action.

There are two eyewitness accounts of Eric’s death. The first is an extract from a letter by Lance Corporal Fred Ball, 351, 30th Battalion, to his parents and sisters in August 1916 giving an update on fellow Newcastle locals:

On the night of the charge Eric Arkell (a Brother to Max) was killed right out in an endeavour to cross No Mans Land with material. A party of us hopped the parapet together when one of Fritzs machine guns opened up on us and Eric had the misfortune to fall a victim. Later on Ted King (our Poet) had his leg broken with machine gun fire.

Source: NLA, Archived websites (1996 to now). 30 Nov 2002 Australians at War Trove

The second is part of a quote from yet another Newcastle local, Private Harry Samuels, 6665 Army Medical Corps, writing to a friend about his experiences in France:

Poor old Eric Arkell was killed in the charge just after he got over the parapet. He got it and fell, and that is the last any of us saw of him. It was absolute hell on earth for two days.

Source: In the Thick of it. (1916, October 26). Northern Times (Newcastle, NSW 1857

And, finally, Private Phillip Hoare, 2068, 30th Battalion gave the following information as part of Red Cross enquiries in September 1917:

Arkell was in the same section and tent with me. At Croixblanc, South of Armentieres we had taken a German trench and we were carrying over stores to hold it, Arkell and me and others. About 10.30 at night Arkell was killed by shrapnel. I didnt see it but the chaps close to him told me the stretcher bearers had too much to do to bring in all the casualties. We only held the trench for eleven hours, and many were left out, many lying out still

Source: AWM, Australian Red Cross Wounded & Missing File – Eric ARKELL, page 4

More losses for the Arkell family

1918 - Max Arkell – Killed in action

Eric’s younger brother, Max, was killed in action on 28th August 1918. He is buried in Daours Communal Cemetery Extension in France and his story is also included on this website.

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The Arkell brothers’ names appear at the top of the Newcastle East Public School’s Honour Board.
source New South Wales government War Memorials Register

1918 - Granny Dick – died aged 73 years

After bringing up her orphaned grandchildren, Granny Dick died in June 1918. Fortunately perhaps, this was before grandson Max was killed in France:

“MODERN 'GRACE DARLING' DEATH OF MRS ELIZA DICK NEWCASTLE Saturday

After a long illness, Mrs. Eliza Dick (73), relict of the late Senior Sergeant Dick, of the Newcastle Water Police, died at her home in Scott Street, on Thursday night. On Boxing Day, 1863, deceased won the designation of ‘the Grace Darling of Australia' by rescuing a man and a boy from drowning in Sydney harbor. It was a heroic action. Mrs. Dick was nursing a baby at the Water Police Barracks on Goat Island, when, hearing cries for help, she put out in a small boat, and after a great struggle, effected a rescue, which was recognised by the Shipwrecked Fishermen and Mariners' Benevolent Society of England, and by the then Governor of New South Wales, Sir John Young, who presented her with a gold medal. Mrs Dick leaves two sons, Mr. W. T. Dick, M.L.C., and Mr. G. Dick, member of the Newcastle City Council, and three daughters.”

MODERN GRACE DARLING. (1918, June 8). The Bathurst Times (NSW 1909 – 1925), p. 1. Retrieved April 28, 2020, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article121225705

1919 - The youngest brother Douglas Arkell – shark attack

In January 1919, young Doug Arkell, captain of the surf club, was attacked by a shark:

SURF CLUB CAPTAIN - MAIMED FOR LIFE.

Douglas Arkell, captain of the Newcastle Surf Club and Life Saving Brigade, was surfing at the Newcastle beach on Friday afternoon last, when he was attacked by a shark estimated to be 14ft. long. He was quickly conveyed to the Newcastle Hospital, where it was found necessary to amputate his left leg above the knee.

This cuts short the career of a young man who was looked upon by many to be the world's champion swimmer within a few years. He was always well behaved, and was always a model companion. He did not smoke.

Visiting surfers have often expressed their admiration of the way in which he could shoot the breakers.

Douglas Arkell has saved many lives at Newcastle. This season he helped to save at least half a dozen people who had got into difficulties. He was the champion club swimmer in 1915-16 and 1917-18, and won innumerable prizes both in Newcastle and Sydney. At the time of the accident the was training for the carnival to be held at Manly this weekend, and he was in hopes of bringing back to the north the most important trophies.

He is only 19 years old. He lost his father and mother when quite young, and was reared by his grandmother, the late Mrs Dick, familiarly known as the "Grace Darling of Australia." Two brothers of Doug were killed at the front. William Arkell, also a prominent member of the Surf Club, is his only near-relative now.

SURF CLUB CAPTAIN MAIMED FOR LIFE. (1919, January 24).  The Voice of the North (NSW 1918 to 1933), p. 14. Retrieved April 28, 2020, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article112427368

Douglas survived his injury and went on to continue competitive club swimming. He maintained his connection with the surf lifesaving community for more than 40 years, serving as club president for some years before retiring as president in 1953. Douglas married and raised his family in Newcastle, where he died aged 63 in 1961.

Gladys and William – the other siblings left behind

William Arkell, the eldest son, worked as a shipping agent and maintained his involvement with the Newcastle surf club. He died unexpectedly in December 1926, aged 38 years. There appears to be no record that he ever married.

In 1921 Gladys Arkell (1890-1954) married Roy Elliot Read, and they had a son and daughter. It was amongst these descendants along with the descendants of the Arkells’ uncles that researchers found willing donors to help identify Eric. The search continues to find the appropriate donor to finally know where Eric is buried.

In the trenches - wounded early

Max and older brother Eric joined up together and both served in B Company, 30th Battalion. Max was wounded two days before the Battle of Fromelles, and compatriot Fred Ball wrote to his family describing the battle and the days leading up to it:

“According to the war correspondent the whole of Gallipoli was nothing to be compared with the charges that were made on this particular night. It was the night of the 19th July and if my memory serves me rightly it was Emma's 20th birthday, if so it will be a date that will be easily remembered.

Probably ere this letter reaches you, the casualty list will be reported, but nevertheless I will mention the names of a few whom you may know. The first killed in the Company was Harry (Sol) Brien of Wickham. He met his death two days before the charge. B Company was on a fatigue duty conveying material etc to the front line preparatory to the charge. The means of conveyance of such was done by pushing small trucks on a two-feet gauge tramway. Well it was Sol's, Max Arkell's, Charlie McCloskey's and my turn to push the truck. Well, we started off and had only gone about 5 minutes when over came one of Fritz's Whiz-bang shells and landed right near us, the result being that Sol was killed right out and Max Arkell stopped a small piece of shrapnel in the back. Charlie and I must have been very fortunate because we came out of it without even getting a scratch.”

NLA: Archived websites (1996-now). 30 Nov 2002-Australians at War-Trove

This shrapnel wound to his back meant that Max missed the Battle of Fromelles, but must have known the fierceness of it, and the anxiety of his brother being in the thick of it. And the outcome – his big brother, Eric, was killed in action, his body not recovered for burial.

The boys in Max’s section

It appears that Fred Ball included a photo (possibly one of these reproduced below) with his letter home describing the boys and following up with more on the aftermath of Fromelles:

"These boys belonged to our section and are all on the group photo, so if you have a look at it you will know who they are. I think they are all that you know, but if there are any more you will find them in the casualty list. After the retirement we got relieved and had two days spell, and again moved into another section of trenches. We were in there for 10 days and were again relieved last night. Nothing of importance transpired during this tour of duty with the exception that Eddie (Soss) Rees got hit in the back with a ricocheted Bullet. Didn't see him but by all accounts, it wasn't very serious so probably he will get a nice little spell through it."

Fred Bell Letter
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1916-17 Members of B Company, 30th Battalion (in support) amongst the ruins on the Cambrai Road, Bapaume, during the day on which the Australians entered the town. Left to right: Unidentified; 358 Corporal (Cpl) C Boland; 5796 Lance Cpl R McKinnon (standing) holding a pistol; Private (Pte) Page (wearing a Pickelhaube); 3848 Cpl F McDowell (back); 2267 Cpl Cecil Edward Alcorn Belgian Croix de Guerre (foreground); 341 Sergeant Max Kenneth Dick Arkell (standing) (later killed in action 28 August 1918); 792 Pte A C Walker MM (standing); 466 Cpl W H Linsley.
source AWM Collections E00361
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Max Arkell is pictured in this group of AIF soldiers – standing far right.
source University of Newcastle Australia – Living Histories - David Kelsey's First World War Photograph collection in the Kelsey Family Collection.

Mentioned in Despatches

Private Max Arkell was mentioned in despatches for distinguished and gallant service and devotion to duty on 1st June 1917 - published in the London Gazette, second Supplement, No. 30107. The honour was based on the recommendation made by Brigadier E. Tivey, 8th Infantry Division, which read as follows:

"He displayed gallantry and devotion to duty when acting as Company runner and guide, during the period 23rd November to 19th December 1915. For four consecutive nights he carried messages to different parts of the front and on three occasions took messages through heavy shell fire. When guiding relieving troops into position he showed great skill. His work in keeping communication in the absence of telephones was most useful and important."

Source: Australian War Memorial Collections, R1585962

Died of wounds received in action

Lance Sergeant Max Arkell was wounded in action on 27 August 1918 suffering shell wounds to his knee, arm and leg. He died the following day as a result of his injuries and is buried at the Daours Communal Cemetery Extension in France.

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Daours Communal Cemetery Extension. Lance Sergeant Max Arkell is buried in Plot VII, Row B, Brave No. 21.
source Commonwealth War Graves Commission
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Max Arkell’s name appears on the Newcastle High School Honour Roll and, together with his brother Eric, his name is also on the Newcastle East Public School’s Honour Board.
source NSW War Memorials Register

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The Fromelles Association would love to hear from you

Fromelles Association of Australia

Contacts

The Fromelles Association welcomes all contact regarding this soldier.
(Contact: royce@fromelles.info or geoffrey@fromelles.info).
We also urge any family members to contact and register with the Australian Army
(Contact: army.uwc@defence.gov.au or phone 1800 019 090).

Donations

The Fromelles Association maintains this web site, purely by donations received.
If you are able, please contribute to the upkeep of this resource.
(Contact: bill@fromelles.info ).